Fair Labor Standards Act, Minimum Wage, Overtime & Legal Action

Fair Labor Standards Act, Minimum Wage, Overtime & Legal Action

The Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor standards affecting full-time and part-time workers in the private sector and in federal, state, and local governments.
  • FLSA Minimum Wage: The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour effective July 24, 2009. Many states also have minimum wage laws. In cases where an employee is subject to both state and federal minimum wage laws, the employee is entitled to the higher minimum wage.
  • FLSA Overtime: Covered nonexempt employees must receive overtime pay for hours worked over 40 per workweek (any fixed and regularly recurring period of 168 hours – seven consecutive 24-hour periods) at a rate not less than one and one-half times the regular rate of pay. There is no limit on the number of hours employees 16 years or older may work in any workweek. The FLSA does not require overtime pay for work on weekends, holidays, or regular days of rest, unless overtime is worked on such days. Some exceptions to the 40 hours per week standard apply under special circumstances to police officers and fire fighters employed by public agencies and to employees of hospitals and nursing homes.
  • Hours Worked (PDF): Hours worked ordinarily include all the time during which an employee is required to be on the employer’s premises, on duty, or at a prescribed workplace.
  • Recordkeeping (PDF): Employers must display an official poster outlining the requirements of the FLSA. Employers must also keep employee time and pay records.
  • Child Labor: These provisions are designed to protect the educational opportunities of minors and prohibit their employment in jobs and under conditions detrimental to their health or well-being.

Various minimum wage exceptions apply under specific circumstances to workers with disabilitiesfull-time studentsyouth under age 20 in their first 90 consecutive calendar days of employment, tipped employees and student-learners.

Many states, such as Pennsylvania, also have minimum wage laws. Where an employee is subject to both the state and federal minimum wage laws, the employee is entitled to the higher minimum wage rate. Where state law requires a higher minimum wage, the higher standard applies.

Some states have also enacted overtime laws. Where an employee is subject to both the state and federal overtime laws, the employee is entitled to overtime according to the higher standard (i.e., the standard that will provide the higher rate of pay).

Wage and Hour Division, U.S. Department of Labor

The Wage and Hour Division of the U.S. Department of Labor enforces the FLSA’s federal minimum wage, overtime pay, record keeping, and child labor requirements. The following are some examples of FLSA-related investigations conducted by the Wage and Hour Division:

Honolulu company to pay more than $1 million to 171 security officers after investigation found that the employer illegally schemed to deny payment of overtime wages

North Charleston employer found to have kept workers tips, failed to pay overtime; investigation recovers $154K in back wages, damages

Court orders Long Island horse trainer, stable to pay $132K to 52 employees after US Department of Labor finds wage theft, falsified records

$72K in back wages and damages recovered, after an investigation finds California construction employer underpaid its workers – employees not paid for required off-the-clock work

Hawaii restaurants operator shortchanged cooks In Honolulu, Kailua, failed to pay overtime wages

Federal court orders Massachusetts contractor with history Of FLSA violations to pay $438K in unpaid overtime to 250 employees

Court orders Long Island pizzeria to pay $178K in back wages, damages, penalties for denying workers overtime wages

$105K recovered in back wages for 92 workers, after investigation finds overtime violations by Tampa healthcare services provider

Oklahoma City area nursing homes operators failed to pay workers for time spent in training, meetings

US Department of Labor finds violations at Mississippi fish farms, recovers more than $102K in back wages for 123 workers

Luxury apartment complex in San Jose’s historic Japantown denied maintenance workers overtime wages owed

Wage & Hour Lawsuits
Victims of wage and hour violations also have the right, under the FLSA, to file a private lawsuit to recover back wages, an equal amount in liquidated damages, plus attorney’s fees and court costs. 

Examples of wage and hour violations include, but are not limited to, *unpaid overtime or improperly calculated overtime pay; *misclassification as exempt from overtime; *misclassification as an independent contractor instead of as an employee; *lack of pay for work performed during meal and rest breaks; *as well as, if you are a non-exempt employee, inappropriate compensation for all hours worked, including work performed at the beginning and end of each workday; and *workplace retaliation for asserting your legal rights.

If you believe you have been a victim of wage and hour violations, please complete the form above on the right or e-mail [email protected] for a free, no-obligation evaluation of potential legal claims. 
Kehoe Law Firm, P.C.